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装配式配筋砌块砌体建筑评价标准研究*
王凤来1,2
摘 要

(1 哈尔滨工业大学土木工程学院, 哈尔滨 150090;2 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司,  哈尔滨 150028)

[摘要]随着配筋砌块砌体剪力墙结构的大量应用以及装配式配筋砌块砌体建筑的示范应用,装配式配筋砌块砌体建筑已成为装配式建筑领域不可或缺的重要技术路线。参照《装配式建筑评价标准》(GB/T 51129—2017)对几种常用装配式建筑构建的评价体系,根据装配式配筋砌块砌体建筑在技术和产业发展方面的特点和优势,从建筑系统及建筑的基本性能、使用功能等方面提出评价方法和指标体系。以单体建筑作为装配率计算和装配式建筑等级评价的单元,以装配率作为评价装配式建筑等级的指标,制定的评价内容和方法综合考虑了黑龙江省的严寒地域特点和技术发展水平。研究成果已被列入黑龙江省地方标准《装配式配筋砌块砌体剪力墙结构技术规程》(DB23/T 2066—2017),对规范装配式配筋砌块砌体建筑评价标准、推进装配式配筋砌块砌体建筑健康发展将起到决定性作用。

[关键词]配筋砌块砌体建筑; 装配率; 评价标准

中图分类号:TU522-3, TU973+.19文献标识码:A文章编号:1002-848X(2018)12-0024-05

 

Research on the standards for assessing prefabricated reinforced concrete masonry buildings

Wang Fenglai1,2

(1 School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China; 2 Harbin Dacheng Green Building Technology Developing Co., Ltd., Harbin 150028, China)

Abstract:With the growing application of reinforced concrete masonry shear wall structures and the demonstration of the prefabricated reinforced concrete masonry structures, the prefabricated reinforced concrete masonry structures is becoming an important technique for the prefabrication buildings.  Based on the evaluation system of prefabricated buildings by Standard for assessment of prefabricated building (GB/T 51129—2017) according to the technical and industrial characteristics of the prefabricated reinforced concrete masonry structures, the relevant methods and indices were proposed for assessing the building systems, performances and functions. Individual buildings were taken as the objective for the assessment of prefabricated buildings and the calculation of prefabrication ratio, and the prefabrication ratio was taken as a main indicator for grading. Furthermore, the proposed evaluation methods took into account the regional characteristics and technical development in Heilongjiang Province. Relevant research achievements have been included in the local standard of Heilongjiang Province, namely Technical specification for prefabricated reinforced concrete masonry shear wall structures (DB23/T 2066—2017). The standard could play a decisive role in standardizing the evaluation and promoting the healthy development of the prefabricated reinforced concrete masonry buildings.

Keywords:reinforced concrete masonry building; prefabrication ratio; evaluation standard

 

*国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0701502-3)。

 

作者简介:王凤来,博士,教授,博士生导师,Email:wflai@sina.com。

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